Visualizations for observing the chaotic areas:

This type of chaos is frequently observed in valves and similar equipment. A spectacular solution for calming these dangerous disturbances was highlighted in 1984, and is the subject of the article below from the American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME).

 Comment on this article (Winter ASME 1986)

More than thirty years of study and analysis have uncovered the scientific and technical foundations of the proposed solution which expands the physics up to the Principle of Worst Action. These reflections are described in the following documents:


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